Published Online September 30, 2010
Science DOI: 10.1126/science.1193147
Psychologists have repeatedly shown that a single statistical factor—often called “general intelligence”—emerges from the correlations among people’s performance on a wide variety of cognitive tasks. But no one has systematically examined whether a similar kind of “collective intelligence” exists for groups of people. In two studies with 699 individuals, working in groups of two to five, we find converging evidence of a general collective intelligence factor that explains a group’s performance on a wide variety of tasks. This “c factor” is not strongly correlated with the average or maximum individual intelligence of group members but is correlated with the average social sensitivity of group members, the equality in distribution of conversational turn-taking, and the proportion of females in the group.
Per chi non è abbonato a Science, c’è un’intervista qui a uno degli autori, Tom Malone. Un estratto:
the co-authors “definitely intend to continue research on this topic,” including studies on the ways groups interact online”